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sbcl3 is the compound of antimony and chlorine. It is a colorless solid, which is soluble in hydrochloric acid. It is used to manufacture matches, as a component of catalysts to effect polymerization of hydrocarbons and to chlorinate olefins, as an analytical reagent for chloral, aromatic hydrocarbons, and vitamin A and for analyzing some drugs by microscopy. It is also used to purify lead anode slime by potential controlled chloridization leaching, and as a concentrate for continuous distillation.
Chemically, sbcl3 is a Lewis acid and reacts with hydrogen ions to form soluble chloroantimonate(III) anions. The ionic and covalent forms of the compound are distinguished by the difference in electronegativity between the two antimony atoms. This is important because if the difference is large (e.g. 1.7 or more) the bond is considered ionic, if it is small the bond is covalent on the account of Fajans’ rule.
This compound is also a useful Lewis acid catalyst. It can initiate classic acid catalyzed reactions and recently has been shown to be effective in aerobic sp3 C-H functionalization of N-aryltetrahydroisoquinolines to provide a series of a-aminophosphonates. The reaction was extended to fused aromatic rings such as 9H-fluorene-2-carbaldehyde and anthracene-9-carbaldehyde to give corresponding products in good yields.
sbcl3 is extremely toxic and should be handled in a well ventilated area. It is also a fire hazard. This item requires special DOT handling and shipping fees that are not added to your cart prior to checkout. Haz-Mat items are not shipped to doctor offices, pharmacies, medical facilities or residences.