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Rubidium is a soft, silvery-white metallic element of Group 1 of the periodic table. It is one of the most electropositive and alkaline elements in nature, and it reacts vigorously with water.
It is a common component in some metals, such as copper and bronze. It is also used to make specialty glasses for fiber optic telecommunication systems and night-vision devices.
When exposed to air, it will ignite spontaneously and will set fire to water or even ice at very low temperatures. It is also highly reactive with hydrogen gas, and when placed in a closed container, it will explode (esp. if it is close to an open flame).
The atomic spectroscopic data for sulfur rubidium are displayed in the Interactive Periodic Table. This chart shows the atomic weight, oxidation state, ionization energy, and chemical properties of sulfur rubidium.
Chemically, it is similar to cesium and potassium.
Several compounds with sulfur rubidium have been developed, including a chemically inert fuel for nuclear power plants. It has a lower thermal expansion than most other liquids and is resistant to decomposition in the presence of oxidizing agents such as oxygen.
In addition, it is useful in some atomic spectroscopic experiments. It has an ionization enthalpy of 403 kJ per mol, second only to cesium.
Rubidium is one of the most reactive elements in the alkali metals group, and it is a very common component in aluminum silicate minerals. It is also found dissolved in mineral water, where it forms salts such as rubidium sulfide.