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sodium hypochlorite density g ml
Sodium hypochlorite is used as a disinfectant and bleach for household, industrial, and some medical purposes. It is also a deodorizer, as well as a stain remover and cleaning agent in laundry detergents.
The common concentration unit of sodium hypochlorite is the mass percentage, also known as the percent by mass or weight (w/w) of the aqueous solution. The mass percentage is also referred to as the percent sign, and is most commonly found on labels of consumer products such as liquid bleach.
Household bleaches typically contain 5.25% by weight of sodium hypochlorite; industrial bleaches can be as high as 12%.
Commercial bleach is made by reacting chlorine gas with a cold dilute solution of sodium hydroxide. The chlorinated byproducts of this process are a source of poisonous gasses that may be released into the air.
Sodium hypochlorite is a good disinfectant and can be used to sanitize surfaces before brewing beer and wine. It is also used in many hospitals, nursing homes, and schools to sanitize areas where germs are prevalent.
The disinfecting action of sodium hypochlorite is similar to that of chlorine, but it is more corrosive and more aggressive than chlorine. This is why it is used as a disinfectant for water treatment facilities and in swimming pools.
Sodium hypochlorite is dangerous to humans when inhaled or ingested because it can cause irritation of the respiratory tract and stomach, as well as a burning sensation. Ingestion of higher concentrations can lead to fluid build-up in the lungs, which can result in a medical emergency.