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What is silicon nitride (SiN)?
Silicon nitride has the chemical formula Si3N4. It is an important ceramic structural material, with high hardness. It is an unicrystalline atomic crystal that is resistant to oxidation.
It is also resistant to heat and cold. It will not break if it’s heated to over 1000degC and then quickly cooled, followed by a rapid heating. The excellent characteristics of silicon-nitride ceramic are the reason why it is used in many mechanical components, such as bearings and turbine blades. It can also be used to produce mechanical seal rings, permanent moldings, etc. When silicon nitride is used for the heating surfaces on engine components, it can not only improve the quality of an engine, but also fuel savings and thermal efficiency. China, Japan, the United States and other countries are developing such engines.
Silicon Nitride: Comprehensive Properties
A perfect combination material properties is what makes silicon nitride a ceramic. It is nearly as light as silica carbide, but has a microstructure that gives Si3N4 an excellent thermal shock resistant and high fracture toughness.
This microstructure is made up of interlocked microrods. The combination of these properties has been particularly useful in the machining or gray cast-iron blades and cast-iron with ceramic blades.
Silicon nitride is a cutting material that can be machined at maximum speed without cooling lubricants.
Ceramic components made of Si3N4 are replacing traditional materials due to their excellent chemical and physical characteristics. Ceramics made of silicon nitride are used for sealing rings, bearings and seal technology.
Silicon nitride is a key component in the performance, reliability, and durability of these components. The combined bearing of ceramic material with carbon or strengthened plastic is lightweight, but very hard. This makes it resistant to the centrifugal effect and provides excellent performance in emergency situations and for dry running.
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