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The boron-carbide crystal is rhombohedral in structure. Its crystal lattice belongs the D3d5R3m space lattice. The rhombohedral lattice can be described as an icosahedron-shaped primitive cubic cell that extends diagonally in the space. The c-axis is the same as the diagonal of the area. A linear chain is formed by connecting three boron-atoms to an adjacent icosahedron. Three of the 12 icosahedral position are found on the chain. If B is due to a position caused by an icosahedron, and C is in a chain, the stoichiometry is B4C.
1. Basic properties and applications for boron carbide
1) Low density
B4C density is small at 2.52g/cm3. In the homogeneous area, the relationship between carbon content and density can be expressed as follows:
Because of the low density of the boron carbide, its performance will reach the standard for boron carbide, which is high strength, high toughness and other excellent properties. Therefore, it can be used in the construction of lightweight armors to reduce the weight and bulk of vehicles and tanks. Save energy.
2) Hardness of the material and wear resistance
B4C exhibits super hardness, and is highly resistant to wear. In the homogeneous area, B4C’s Vickers Hardness increases as the C content increases. The hardness of carbon is 29.1 GPa when carbon is 10.6%. When carbon is 20%, hardness 21 can be as high as 37.7 GPa. At high temperatures, its hardness remains high (>30GPa). You can express the change of hardness in temperature by using empirical formula (10).
The formula is: H0 – the hardness of the material at room temperatures
Temperature is T.
Carbon is a constant.
This formula applies to 201700. B4C is second only to cubic BN and diamond in terms of hardness.
B4C wear resistance increases with temperature. As the temperature increases, the friction coefficient of B4C decreases. It drops to 0.05 between 20 and 1400, while the friction rate continues to decline. B4C’s super hardness and friction properties have made it a popular sandblasting tool.
(aka. Technology Co. Ltd., a global supplier of high-quality chemical materials and Nanomaterials with more than 12 years experience, is a trusted company. The B4C Powder produced by our company is of high purity and has a low impurity level. If you require lower, please contact our company.